Canadian Science Publishing

Agreement ID csp2021cdl
Agreement labeling Canadian Science Publishing transformative agreement
Has the agreement been disclosed and published? No
URL (Memorandum of Understanding)
Agreement period 01/01/2021 – 12/31/2023
Consortia / Institution California Digital Library (University of California)
Country United States

Approximate range of annual corresponding author publications


How do the costs of the agreement relate to previous subscription-only agreements with the publisher?

Cost decrease
Comments on cost development Cost is based on prior UC system-wide expenditure (including prior APC spend by authors from UC campuses as well as library expenditures), then reduced due to withdrawal of one campus from the UC agreement. The agreement includes mechanisms to control costs throughout the term of the agreement.

Transfomative agreements vary by their transformative mechanisms, meaning the way in which financing is shifted from the subscription side to open access publishing. What are the characteristics of this agreement to this regard?

Subscriptions fully converted to OA publishing fees (access related costs 5% or less)

How do entitlements for open access publishing correlate to the anticipated article output? Which mechanisms for risk sharing have been agreed in cases of exceeding or not reaching the number of OA publishing entitlements?

The agreement features the following risk-control mechanism: There is a minimum and maximum set for the total fees that will be billed to UC in each year of the agreement.

Are all journals relevant to your affiliated authors (in which you expect them to publish) eligible for OA publishing under the agreement?

Are fully open access journals covered by the agreement? Yes
OA LICENSE CC-BY preference, exceptions allowed
CC-BY is the default but author may choose another CC license
Original research articles
Review articles

What is the approximate share of access related costs of the overall agreement?

Comments on access costs Agreement is structured to include access as well as publishing but the finances are structured without any access fee

Are all read relevant journals covered by the agreement?

WORKFLOW ASSESSMENT Too early to assess
Comments on workflows The agreement is implemented using the multi-payer model, which provides a mechanism to combine funding from the libraries with authors’ grant funds, if the author so chooses. More details appear below in the Overall Assessment and Comments section.
OVERALL ASSESSMENT AND COMMENTS This agreement is Canadian Science Publishing’s first transformative agreement; it is the first of its kind for a Canadian journal publisher and has been characterized by CSP as part of its exploration of how to shift from subscription-based business models to models that make it easier and more affordable for researchers to publish their work open access. In that sense it is an important step in the overall transition, particularly for smaller-scale not-for-profit publishers.

The agreement also involves a particular mechanism for ensuring publishing costs are sustainable. It enables corresponding authors to publish an unlimited number of research articles immediately open access, through a particular workflow (referred to at UC as the “multi-payer model”). Under the agreement, the UC libraries will automatically pay the first $1,000 of the open access fee, or article processing charge (APC), for all UC authors who choose to publish in a CSP journal. Authors are asked to pay the remainder if they have research funds available to do so. Authors who do not have research funds available can request full funding of the APC from the libraries, ensuring that lack of research funds does not present a barrier for UC authors who wish to publish open access in CSP journals.

By combining funding from the libraries with authors’ grant funds, this cost sharing model, along with the cost controls in the agreement, provides a model for how institutions that produce a significant amount of grant-funded research can create a sustainable and inclusive path to full open access.

Request contact to the licensee contact [at] esac-initiative [dot] org